History of Amber
Amber is a fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its colour and natural beauty since Neolithic times.
Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects. It is used as an ingredient in perfumes, as an agent in folk medicine, and as, of course, jewellery.
Because it originates as a soft, sticky tree resin, amber sometimes contains animal and plant material as inclusions.
Amber developed more than 50 million years ago from the resin of giant needle forests, which were flooded later on by the Baltic Sea. The resin of the Amber Pine flowed for thousands of generations into the ground forming a layer together with other dead plants, which has been conserved for millions of years. Storms recover these layers and bring the Amber to shore. Ocean currents and conditions of the ground formed large deposits of Amber.
The largest occurrences are at the Baltic Sea, but also in the Dominican Republic, in Central America, Africa, Greece and even inside some countries.
Baltic amber contains anywhere from 3-8% of succinic acid, a scientifically examined medical substance used in contemporary medicine.
The highest content of the acid is found in the amber cortex - the external layer of the stone. Nobel-prize winner Robert Koch (1886), the pioneer of modern bacteriology, proved that succinic acid has a very positive influence on the human body.
In the 1930's and 40's, European biochemists discovered that succinic acid is an amino acid created naturally in every cell of the body capable of aerobic respiration, participating in the citric acid - or Krebs cycle.
This is how carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are metabolized into energy.